Main Article Content
Introduction. Holosiivskyi National Nature Park is a unique, by its location, protected area. Parts of the park are located within the administrative boundaries of the city of Kyiv and include extensive, by area, forest plots. The park consists of three parts: Central (Holosiivskyi forest and other tracts), Southern (Lisnyky), and, since 2014, Northern (Svyatoshyn-Bilychi). The latter has the largest area – 6462.62 ha. Data on the chiropterofauna of this massif were incomplete. Bats are an essential element of terrestrial ecosystems. All bat species in Ukraine have a protection status, according to the Red Book of Ukraine and three international treaties. For effective conservation measures for species of this group, it is necessary to own data on their distribution, number, status, etc. As well, the study and monitoring of fauna are one of the primary tasks of national nature parks.
Purpose. The aim of the work was to describe the bat fauna of the Svyatoshyn-Bilychi massif of the Holosiivskyi National Nature Park, based on results of the field research conducted in 2019–2020, with the involvement of data collected in 2000–2005.
Methods. Catching was carried out with mist nets. Bats were examined by the standard scheme, immediately after their capture. The study was done without removing animals from the wild; bats were released immediately after their examination at the place of their capture. Ultrasonic detectors were used for acoustic observations. The search of roosts was done by social vocalization of bats, presence of feces, night and morning swarming; as well structures which might be potential shelters for bats were inspected.
Results. During 2000–2020, at the territory of the Svyatoshyn-Bilychi massif, nine bat species were recorded: Eptesicus serotinus, Myotis dasycneme, M. daubentonii, Nyctalus leisleri, N. noctula, Plecotus auritus, Pipistrellus kuhlii, P. nathusii, P. pygmaeus. Thus, today the list of bat fauna of the Svyatoshyn-Bilychi massif includes 10 species: 9, recorded; 1 species, Nyctalus lasiopterus, known by the record of the first half of the 20th century, was not revealed. According to the results of the survey in 2019–2020, four species were found to be dominants, in terms of the number of record points and their representation in catches: P. nathusii, P. pygmaeus, N. noctula, N. leisleri. During the survey, six species were confirmed to breed at the study area. 11 bat roosts were found; most of them, in trees.
Originality. A comprehensive inventory of the chiropterofauna of the large protected area of the Svyatoshyn-Bilychi massif of the Holosiivskyi National Park was carried out for the first time. The first and the only one known Myotis dasycneme maternity colony in Kyiv region was found.
Conclusion. The initial description of the chiropterofauna of the Svyatoshyn-Bilychi massif of the Holosiivskyi National Nature Park is presented. The obtained data can be used in the development and further implementation of practical measures for the conservation of bats within the territory of the Holosiivskyi National Nature Park and represent the basis for bat monitoring in the future.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
AGREEMENT ABOUT TRANSMISSION OF COPYRIGHT
I, the author of the article / We, the authors of the manuscript _______________________________________________________________________
in case of its acceptance for publication, we transfer the following rights to the founders and editorial boards of the scientific publication "Cherkasy University Bulletin: Biological Sciences Series":
1. Publication of this article in Ukrainian (English) and distribution of its printed version.
2. Dissemination of the electronic version of the article through any electronic means (placing on the official journal web site, in electronic databases, repositories, etc.). At the same time we reserve the right without consent of the editorial board and the founders:
1. Use the materials of the article in whole or in part for educational purposes.
2. To use the materials of the article in whole or in part for writing your own theses.
3. Use article materials to prepare Summarys, conference reports, and oral presentations.
4. Post electronic copies of the article (including the final electronic version downloaded from the journal's official website) to:
a. personal web-pecypcax of all authors (web sites, web pages, blogs, etc.);
b. web-pecypcax of the institutions where the authors work (including electronic institutional repositories);
with. non-profit, open-source web-pecypcax (such as arXiv.org).
With this agreement, we also certify that the submitted manuscript meets the following criteria:
1. Does not contain calls for violence, incitement of racial or ethnic enmity, which are disturbing, threatening, shameful, libelous, cruel, indecent, vulgar, etc.
2. Does not infringe the copyrights and intellectual property rights of others or organizations; contains all the references to the cited authors and / or publications envisaged by applicable copyright law, as well as the results and facts used in the article by other authors or organizations.
3. It has not been previously published in other publishers and has not been published in other publications.
4. Does not include materials that are not subject to publication in the open press, in accordance with applicable law.
First name, Last name, signature of the author
"___" __________ 20__
State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (2020). Population (by estimate) as of December 1, 2019. Average annual populations January-November 2019. Retrieved from: http://ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2019 /ds/kn/kn_u/kn1119_u.html (In Ukr.).
Holosiivskyi National Nature Park. (2018). General information about Holosiivskyi National Nature Park. Retrieved from: http://nppg.gov.ua/uk/pro-park (In Ukr.).
Kunz, T. H., De Torrez, E. B., Bauer, D., Lobova, T., & Fleming, T. H. (2011). Ecosystem services provided by bats. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1223 (1). 1-38.
Zagorodniuk, I. V., & Emelyanov, I. G. (2012). Taxonomy and nomenclature of mammals of Ukraine. Visnyk Natsionalʹnoho naukovo-pryrodnychoho muzeyu [Proceedings of the National Museum of Natural History]. 10. 5-30. (In Ukr.).
Pradko, O. I., & Hodyna, O. O. (2017, September 7-8). History of the Holosiivskyi National Nature Park creation. Paper presented at the International Conference «Protection, conservation and reproduction of biodiversity in the metropolis: materials of international sci.-ptact. conference», Kyiv. (In Ukr.).
On creation of the Holosiivskyi National Nature Park : Decree of the President of Ukraine № 794 (from 27.08.2007). Legislation of Ukraine : Database / Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/794/2007#Text (In Ukr.).
On changing the boundaries of the Holosiivskyi National Nature Park: Decree of the President of Ukraine dated № 446 (from 01.05.2014). Legislation of Ukraine : Database / Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/446/2014#Text (In Ukr.).
Charleman, N. (1933). Materials on mammal fauna of Kyiv region. Zbirnyk pratsʹ zoolohichnoho muzeyu [Proceedings of the Zoological Museum]. 12. 57-73. (In Ukr.).
Abelentsev, V. I., & Popov, B. M. (1956). Order Chiroptera, or bats. In I. G. Pidoplichko (Eds.), Fauna of Ukraine (pp. 229-446). Kyiv: Publ. of the Acad. Sci. of USSR.(In Ukr.).
Abelentsev, V. I., Kolyushev, I. I., Krochko, Yu. I., & Tatarinov, K. A. (1970). Results of Chiroptera ringing in the Ukrainian SSR for 1939-1967. Communication II. Vestnik zoologii [Bulletin of Zoology]. 4 (1). 61-65. (In Rus.).
Gavris, G. G., Tsvelykh, A. N., & Klestov, N. L. (2003). Contemporary state of vertebrate fauna of the Regional Landscape Park «Holosiyivskiy» and problems of its conservation. Zapovidna sprava v Ukrayini [Nature Reserves in Ukraine]. 9 (1). 31-39. (In Ukr.).
Godlevskaya, E. V. (2006). A current state of bat fauna of Ukraine in conditions of anthropogenic transformation of the enviroment. (PhD thesis). I.I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine. (In Ukr.).
Vlaschenko, A. S., Godlevska, L. V., Kravchenko, K. O., Tyshchenko, V. M., Gukasova, A. S., & Sudakova, M. V. (2012). Contribution to bat fauna of Holosiyivsky National Nature Park. Zapovidna sprava v Ukrayini [Nature Reserves in Ukraine]. 18 (1-2). 51-58. (In Rus.).
Charleman, E. V. (1915). Mammals of the vicinity of Kiev. Materialy k poznaniyu fauny yugo-zapadnoy Rossii [Materials on the Study of Fauna of South-West Russia,]. 1. 26-92. (In Rus.).
Zagorodniuk, I. V., & Godlevska, O. V. (2001). Bats in collections of zoological museums of Ukraine: phenological review of data. In I. Zagorodniuk (Eds.), Migratory status of bats in Ukraine (pp. 122-156). Kyiv: Ukrainian Theriological Society. (In Ukr.).
Godlevska, L. V. (2013). Recent bats in the collection of the Paleontological museum of NMNH, NAS of Ukraine. Zbirnyk pratsʹ Zoolohichnoho muzeyu [Proceedings of the Zoological Museum]. 44. 145-157. (In Ukr.).
Zagorodniuk, I., & Tyschenko-Tyshkovets, M. (2001). Pipistrellus pygmaeus (55 kHz) in the Kyiv Region (Ukraine). Vestnik zoologii [Bulletin of Zoology]. 35 (6). 52. (In Ukr.).
Zagorodniuk, I. V., & Godlevska, O. V. (2003). Bats of tribe Myotini (Mammalia) in the Middle Dnipro Region: Species composition, distribution, and abundance. Vestnik zoologii [Bulletin of Zoology]. 37 (2). 31-39. (In Ukr.).
Onyshchenko, V. A., Pradko, O. І., Arap, R. Ya., & Datsiuk, V. V. (2016, October 26-27). Light oak forests of Sviatoshynskyi-Bilychansky branch of Holosiivskyi National Nature Park. Paper presented at the International Conference «Protected areas in the past, present and future world», Lviv. (In Ukr.).
Bashta, A.-T., Srebrodolska, Ye., Dykyy, I., & Mysiuk, V. (2002). Pond bat Myotis dasycneme in the western part of Ukraine. Visnyk Luhansʹkoho derzhavnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu. Seriya: Biologichni nauky [Bulletin of Luhansk State Pedagogical University. Series: Biological sciences]. 1. 110-112. (In Ukr.).
Godlevska, L., & Rebrov S. (2018). Bats of the Left-Bank Dnipro Region in the northern part of Ukraine. Theriologia Ukrainica. 16. 25-50. (In Ukr.).
Kessler, K. F. (1851). Animals mammals of the provinces of the Kyiv Scientific District. Trudy Komissii dlya opisaniya Kiyevskogo Uchenogo okruga [Description of the Provinces of Kyiv Education District]. (pp. 1-100). Kyiv: printing house of University of St. Vladimir. (In Rus.).
Barrat, E. M., Deaville, R., Burland, T. M., Bruford, M. W., Jones, G., Racey, P. A., & Wayne, R. K. (1997). DNA answers the call of pipistrelle bat species. Nature. 387. 138-139.
Gashchak, S.P., Vlaschenko, A.S., Naglov, A.V., Kravchenko, K.A., & Gukasova, A.S. (2013). Bats fauna of the exclusion zone in concern of assessment of environmental value of its areas. Problemy Chornobylʹsʹkoyi zony vidchuzhennya [Problems of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone]. 11. 56-79. (In Rus.).
Vlaschenko, A., Gashchak, S., Gukasova, A., & Naglov, A. (2010). New record and current status of Nyctalus lasiopterus in Ukraine (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Lynx, new series. 41. 209-216.
Abelentsev, V. I., Kolyushev, I. I., Krochko, Yu. I., & Tatarinov, K. A. (1969). Results of Chiroptera ringing in the Ukrainian SSR for 1939-1967. Communication II. Vestnik zoologii [Bulletin of Zoology]. 3, 2. 20-24.(In Rus.).
Lichotop, R.I., Tkach, V.V., & Barvinskiy, N.A. (1990). Bats of Kyiv city and Kyiv region. Materials to ecology and faunistics of some species of bats. Kyiv, Institute of zoology, AN of USSR. 10-27. (Preprint 90.4) (In Rus.).
Godlevska, L. V. (2013). New Vespertilio murinus (Chiroptera) Winter Records. An Indication of Expansion of the Species’ Winter Range? Vestnik zoologii [Bulletin of Zoology]. 47 (3). 239-244.
Kunz, T. H., Lumsden, L. F., & Fenton, M. B. (2003). Ecology of cavity and foliage roosting bats. In T. H. Kunz, & M. B. Fenton (Eds.), Bat ecology (pp. 3-89). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Ranius, T., Niklasson, M., & Berg, N. (2009). Development of tree hollows in pedunculate oak (Quercus robur). Forest Ecology and Management. 257(1). 303-310.
Vlaschenko A. (2009). Current status of Leisler's bat (Chiroptera) on the territory of Kharkov region. Visnyk Lʹvivsʹkoho universytetu. Seriia biolohichna [Visnyk of Lviv University. Biological series]. 51. 145-156. (In Ukr.).