Main Article Content
Introduction. All the parameters of physical performance are important for achieving high results in footbal. A very small number of works are devoted to the study of bioenergy support of the game activity of different roles football players. High sports results can be achieved by athletes in football who have a high level of physical performance.
Purpose. The purpose of our research was to find out the peculiarities of bioenergy provision of physical performance under the condition of football players' game activity.
Methods. The experiment involved 29 highly qualified professional footballers. The results of the physical performance were received by the device GPS-sport system “Catapult”, pulsometer “Polar”, bicycle ergometer “Monarkh” and using an Meta Max 3B gas analyzer “Cortex” recorded oxygen consumption.
Results. The connection between physical performance and bioenergetic characteristics of anaerobic and aerobic support has been established for skilled footballers. The correlation between the length of the distance during the game and the indicators W of the ergometric test at the level of PANO was r = 0.43 (p <0.032), and for VO2max, r = 0.41 (p <0.027) and with HR - r = 0.37 (p <0.047). The results of this research demonstrated that the aerobic mechanism is the dominant energy system (76%) in providing special physical performance under the condition of football players' game activity. The smallest contribution to the physical performance of football players during the game was made by anaerobic lactate and lactate energy supply mechanisms, respectively - 5.6% and 1.6%.
Conclusion. The characteristics of HR, VO2max, W and indicators of physical performance in different modes of energy supply during the game are informative criteria for assessing the functional state of the athlete, fitness, physical and functional fitness of players and can be used to control the training process and forecast game activity of football players.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
AGREEMENT ABOUT TRANSMISSION OF COPYRIGHT
I, the author of the article / We, the authors of the manuscript _______________________________________________________________________
in case of its acceptance for publication, we transfer the following rights to the founders and editorial boards of the scientific publication "Cherkasy University Bulletin: Biological Sciences Series":
1. Publication of this article in Ukrainian (English) and distribution of its printed version.
2. Dissemination of the electronic version of the article through any electronic means (placing on the official journal web site, in electronic databases, repositories, etc.). At the same time we reserve the right without consent of the editorial board and the founders:
1. Use the materials of the article in whole or in part for educational purposes.
2. To use the materials of the article in whole or in part for writing your own theses.
3. Use article materials to prepare Summarys, conference reports, and oral presentations.
4. Post electronic copies of the article (including the final electronic version downloaded from the journal's official website) to:
a. personal web-pecypcax of all authors (web sites, web pages, blogs, etc.);
b. web-pecypcax of the institutions where the authors work (including electronic institutional repositories);
with. non-profit, open-source web-pecypcax (such as arXiv.org).
With this agreement, we also certify that the submitted manuscript meets the following criteria:
1. Does not contain calls for violence, incitement of racial or ethnic enmity, which are disturbing, threatening, shameful, libelous, cruel, indecent, vulgar, etc.
2. Does not infringe the copyrights and intellectual property rights of others or organizations; contains all the references to the cited authors and / or publications envisaged by applicable copyright law, as well as the results and facts used in the article by other authors or organizations.
3. It has not been previously published in other publishers and has not been published in other publications.
4. Does not include materials that are not subject to publication in the open press, in accordance with applicable law.
First name, Last name, signature of the author
"___" __________ 20__
Platonov, V.N. (2017). Motor qualities and physical training of athletes. Kiev: Olympic literature, 656. (in Rus).
Shamardin, V.N. (2017). Physical training of highly qualified football players. Kiev, 170. (in Rus).
Lyzohub, V.V., & Shpaniuk., V.O. (2017). An innovative approach to determining and assessing the special training of highly qualified players. Odesa: Nauka i osvita [Science and Education], (8), 15-22. (in Ukr.)
Nikolaenko, V.V. (2014). A rational system of long-term training of football players to achieve the highest sportsmanship. Кiev, 336. (in Rus)
Ordzhonikidze, Z.G., Pavlov, N.I., Volkova, A.E., & Druzhinina, A.E. (2007). The state of functional readiness of athletes from the leading football teams of Russia. Fiziologiya cheloveka [Human physiology], (3), 114-118. (in Rus)
Shamardin, V.M. (2014). Medical and biological foundations of sports training of football players. Dnepropetrovsk: Znaniye, 133. (in Rus)
Godik, M.A. (2009). Physical training of football players. Moscow: Chelovek, 272. (in Rus)
Volkov, N.I., Nessen, E.N., & Osipenko, A.A. (2000). Biochemistry of muscle activity. Kiev: Olimpic literature, 504. (in Rus)
Guba, V.P. (2008). Reserve opportunities of athletes: monograph. Moscow: Fizicheskaya kultura, 146. (in Rus)
Ordzhonikidze, Z.G., & Pavlov, V.I. (2008 ). Physiology of football. Moscow: Chelovek, 238. (in Rus)
Mishchenko, V.S., Lisenko, E.N., & Vinogradov, V.E. (2007). Reactive properties of the cardiorespiratory system as a reflection of adaptation to intense physical training in sports. Kiev: Naukovuy svit, 351. (in Rus)
Lyzohub, V.S., Nechiporenko, L.A., Pustovalov, V.O., & Suprunovich, V.O. (2016). Special training and state of bioenergy of football players with different typological properties of higher departments of the central nervous system. Odessa: Nauka i Osvita [Science and Education], (8), 107-111. (in Ukr)
Seluyanov, V.M., Sarsania, S.K., & Zavorova, V.A. (2012). Football: problems of physical and technical training. Moscow: Intellekt, 157. (in Rus)
Wilmore, J., & Costill, D. (2001). Physiology of sport and motor activity. Study guide: per. from english. Kiev: Olimpic literature, 503. (in Rus)
Lyukshinov, N.M. (2006). The art of training high-profile footballers. Moscow: Soviet sport, 432. (in Rus)
Stroyer, I., Hansen, K., & Hansen, Н. (2004). Physiological profile and activity pattern of young soccer players during match play. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 36 (1): 168-174.
Hoff, J., Wisloff, V., & Engen, L.C. (2002). Soccer specific aerobic endurance training. Sports Med, 36 (3): 218-229.
Wisloff, U., Helgerud, J., & Hoff, J. (2008). Strength and endurance of elite soccer players. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc, 36 (3): 462-467.
Tovinkere, V., & Qian, R.J. (2014). Detecting semantic events in soccer games: towards a complete solution. Int. Conf. on. Mult. and Expo (ICME), 864-875.
Wasserman, K., Hansen, E., & Sue, D.Y. (2005). Exercise testing and interpretation. Lippicott Williams&Wilkins, 228-237.
Solodkov, A.S., & Sologub, E.B. (2012). Human physiology. General. Sports. Age. Moscow: Soviet sport, 620. (in Rus)
Karpman, V.L., Belotserkovsky, Z.B., & Gudkov, I.A. (2008). Testing in sports medicine. Moscow, 208. (in Rus)
Shalenko, V.V. (2004). Selection and evaluation of tests for control over the readiness of the football reserve. Kharkiv: Pedagogika, psikhologiіa ta mediko-biologichni problemi fizichnogo vikhovannya i sport [Pedagogy, psychology and medical and biological problems of physical education and sports], (1), 306-312. (in Ukr)