Age features of the formation of reserve capabilities of mental activity for children, adolescents and young people

S. V. Bezkopylna

Abstract


Introduction.  Functional reserves of mental performance characterize the hidden ability of a person to process information that can be implemented in extreme activities.

 In order to evaluate the functioning of the central nervous system and human mental performance, indicators of speed and quality of processing are variously used in terms of the complexity of sensorimotor reactions.  

A quantitative characteristic of the functional reserves of mental performance can be the relation between the maximum possible result of mental performance and the result at the level of the state of relative rest.

Purpose.  The task was to propose a method and to investigate the level of functional reserve of mental performance of children, adolescents and young people by using the "reverse regime" of the presentation of stimuli.

Methods.  In the pilot study, 116 subjects of school age took part.  The research was conducted using the computer device "Diagnostic1M" in the "imposed mode".  

Result.  It was proved that the number of errors was based on the speed of presentation of stimuli, the signal modality and the age of the subjects.

 It is established that during processing of figurative stimuli the level of functional reserve of mental efficiency is higher than in the processing of verbal signals.  The functional reserve of mental performance is dependent on the age of the subjects and the modalities of the signals.

Originality.  Can be used for psychophysiological diagnostics, determination of professional orientation, professional and sports selection.

Conclusion.  Determination of the individual level of the functional reserve of mental performance of a person, this method, provides the accuracy and reliability of the indicators of the hidden possibilities of a person on the processing of information that can be implemented in extreme mental activity.


Keywords


mental performance; processing of information; functional reserve; irritants of differen modalities

References


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