Age peculiarities of spatial-time orientation formation of persons with different level of physical activity

S. O. Kovalenko, B. O. Artemenko, T. G. Kharchenko

Abstract


Introduction. It is known that the implementation of motor capabilities, technical and tactical preparedness of coordination abilities is largely dependent on and determined by the level of highly genetically determined individual typological properties of the higher departments of the central nervous system, the question arises as to how the process of forming the ability to spatially-temporally passes persons of different ages and different levels of physical activity.

Purposе. To find out the peculiarities of the formation of space-time orientation in volleyball players and non-athletes of all ages.

Methods. Computer testing of the formation of space-time orientation was carried out using the device "Intest" and motor tests to determine the level of coordination capabilities.

Results. It has been found that with age the ability to space-time orientation improves regardless of the level of motor activity. But on the example of volleyball players it is revealed that constant volleyball activities contribute to faster formation of the ability to orient in space and time. Volleyball players were found to have more accurate results in test tasks that characterized the ability to space-time orientation with statistically significant differences in scores from 16 years and older.

Originality. The peculiarities of formation of space-time orientation of volleyball players and non-athletes of different age were revealed.

Conclusion. It is established that the formation of space-time orientation in persons of different ages and different levels of physical activity occurs with a positive dynamics to improve the results with age for all the studied categories of persons. Volleyball players from the age of 16 and above had better results that reflect the ability to orient themselves in space and time with statistically significant differences in the studied parameters compared to non-athletes (p <0.05). That testifies to the influence on the process of formation of the system of space-time orientation of the person of constant volleyball. For persons who did not have a systematic training in certain sports, such dynamics with the age of the internal system of spatial and temporal orientation was not found.


Keywords


volleyball; ontogeny; space-time orientation; coordination abilities; motor activity level

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