EEG-correlates of analysis of information during emotional Stroop test on the background of IAPS images

M. P. Bondarenko (Rassomagina), V. I. Kravchenko, O. V. Bondarenko, N. U. Makarchuk

Abstract


Introduction. Chronic fatigue and absent-mindedness are causes of low productivity at the workplace. Definition of the main distracters of attention and conditions of influence gives opportunity to increase workforce productivity in the future.


The purpose of the research was to investigate the analysis of information with varying degree of difficulty in left-handed and right-handed subjects using meaningless words, emotional Stroop test on the black background and on the background of pictures from International Affective Picture System (IAPS).


Methods. Volunteers were asked to name the color of letters (red / green) as quickly as possible, when the word was presented in the center of the black screen while ignoring the semantic meaning of the words and react using right or left hand accordingly. Subject performed the task with mixed neutral (cup, spoon, jacket) and emotional (love, sex, death) words (emotional Stroop test), then the task with meaningless “pseudowords” (the set of letters looked like word but without meaning). The Russian-language stimuli used in the tasks consisted of equal number of letters both in words and meaningless words. During second stage of the research other participants performed the emotional Stroop test on the background of IAPS images (positive, erotic, neutral, negative). 70 students of both sexes took part in the investigation.


Results. The emotional Stroop test on the background of IAPS images provoked more quantity of activation zones and coherence than on the black background. Stroop effect, resulting in the extension of time response to emotional words was shown only if it had been demonstrated on the background of erotic pictures against neutral words on the background of neutral images. Distribution of attention and control of accuracy was provided on the theta rhythm frequencies for right-handers. All the words on the background of IAPS image were analyzed longer than the same words on the black background.


Originality. Simultaneous analysis of double distracters of attention (affective emotional images and emotional words) have not been previously considered. The reversion of Stroop effect was found.


Conclusion. Analysis of the image is able to interfere with the analysis of the words that appears like reversion of Stroop effect, but does not affect the accuracy of the assignment.ment.


Keywords


emotional Stroop test; IAPS; meaningless

References


Hou, R., Moss-Morris, R., Risdale, A., et al. (2014). Attention processes in chronic  fatigue  syndrome: attentional bias for health-related threat and the role of attentional control. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 52, 9-16

Killeen, P. R. (2013). Absent without leave; a neuroenergetic theory of mind wandering. Frontiers in Psychology, 4,

Kastner, S., & Ungerleider, L. (2001). The neural basis of biased competition in human visual cortex. Neuropsychologia, 39, 1263–1276

Petersen, S. E., & Posner, M. I. (2012).The attention system of the human brain: 20 years after. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 35, 73–89.

 Keil, A., Moratti, S., Sabatinelli, D., et al. (2005). Additive effects of emotional content and spatial selective attention on electrocortical facilitation. Cerebral Cortex, 15, 1187–1197

Lang, P., & Davis, M. (2006). Emotion, motivation, and the brain: reflex foundations in animal and human research. Progress in Brain Research, 156, 3–29

Kalanthroff, E., Henik, A., Derakshan, N., & Usher, M. (2015). Anxiety, Emotional Distraction, and Attentional Control in the Stroop Task. Emotion, 16, 12-17

Stroop,  J. (1935). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Experimental Psychology, 18, 643-662

Cohen, L., Lehéricy, S., Chochon, F., et al. (2002). Language–specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional Properties of the Visual Word Form Area. Brain, 125(5), 1054–1069

Dien, J., Brian, E., Molfese, D., & Gold, B. (2013). Combined ERP/fMRI evidence for early word recognition effects in the posterior inferior temporal gyrus. Cortex, 49(9), 2307–2321

Sabatinelli, D., Margaret, M., Jeffrey, R., & Peter, J. (2005). Parallel amygdala and inferotemporal activation reflect emotional intensity and fear relevance. NeuroImage, 24, 1265–1270

Compton, J., Banich, T., Mohanty, A., et al. (2003). Paying attention to emotion: an fMRI investigation of cognitive and emotional Stroop tasks. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 3(2), 81–96

Rassomagina, M., Kravchenko, V., & Makarchuk, M. (2014). Electrophysiological correlates of the analysis of verbal stimuli during their monocular perception. Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu. Seriya Biolohichna, 65, 348–354 (in Ukr.)

14.     Rassomagina, M., Kravchenko, V., & Makarchuk, M. (2014). Electrophysiological correlates of monocular dominant eye perception of verbal stimuli  in  emotional  Stroop-test. Lietuvos  mokslų akademija. Biolojia, 60(2), 79–95

Onton, J., Delorme, A., & Makeig, S. (2005).  Frontal midline EEG dynamics during working memory. Neuroimage, 27, 341–356

Rammsayer, T., & Stahl J. (2004). Extraversion-related differences in response organization: Evidence from lateralized readiness potentials. Biological Psychology, 66, 35-49

Makarchuk, N., Maksimovich, K., Kravchenko, V., & Kryzhanovskii, S. (2011). Modifications of EEG Activity Related to Perception of Emotionally Colored, Erotic, and Neutral Pictures in Women during Different Phases of the Ovulatory (Menstrual) Cycle. Neurophysiology, 42(5), 362–370.

Engel, A., & Fries, P. (2010). Beta-band oscillations – signalling the status quo? Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 20(2), 156–165

Kandel E. R., Schwartz J. H., & Jessell T. M. (2000). Principles of Neural Science: 4-th Edition. N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Companies Inc.

Cacioppo J. T., Tassinary L. G., & Berntson G. G. (2007). Handbook of psychophysiology. N.Y.: Cambridge University Press

Aquino, M., & Arnell, K. (2007). Attention and the processing of emotional words: Dissociating effects of arousal. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14(3), 430-431

Zhavoronkova, L.А. (2007). Right-handers and left-handers: hemispheric asymmetry in the brain and parameters of EEG coherence. Journal of Higher Nervous Activity, 6, 645–662 (in Rus.)


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 2 36
2015 2 19
2016 1 2
2017 1 2
2018 1 2
2019 1  

User

Information

Journal Content

Browse

Language