The characteristics of metabolic processes of energy supply of muscular work of athletes 17-21 years old depending on sports specialization

M. O. Boiko, Yu. M. Furman, I. I. Matseyko

Abstract


Introduction. Given the opinion that physical health is ensured by the efficiency of energy metabolic processes of aerobic and anaerobic direction, which can be improved through the various types of physical activity, the aim of the studying is to assess the aerobic and anaerobic performance of athletes of 17-21 years old of Podilskyi region of different specialization.

Methods. 136 healthy young men of 17-21years took part in this research, who study in the institutions of higher education in Vinnytsia and live within the Podilskyi region. Aerobic and anaerobic performance of athletes was determined using the method of bicycle ergometry by studying the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), the threshold of anaerobic metabolism, the capacity of anaerobic alactate (WAnT10), the capacity of anaerobic lactate (WAnT30) and the capacity of anaerobic lactation processes of the energy supply of the body.

Results. The average values of absolute and relative VO2max were higher in young men engaged in cyclic and game kinds of sports. However, according to the Yu.M. Furman's standards, the level of aerobic performance in terms of relative VO2max in young men engaged in cyclic kinds of sports corresponded to the level of "above average", while in young men engaged in playing kinds of sports corresponded to the level "average".  The average value of the relative VO2max according to Apanasenko G., young people who engage in cyclic kinds of sports exceed the "safe level of health", and young people who engage playing kinds of  sports are on the verge of "safe level of health". At the same time, the level of health of non-athletes is below "safe". The level of anaerobic productivity according to the relative indicator of WAnT10 of the athletes engaged in power kinds of sports corresponds to "high", of wrestlers corresponds to "above average", in athletes engaged in playing  and complex coordination kinds of sports corresponds to  "average", and in non-athletes corresponds to "low". The level of anaerobic productivity on the relative indicator of WAnT30 in non-athletes was "below average", in athletes engaged in complex coordination kinds of  sports was "average", in athletes engaged in playing kinds of sports and martial arts was "above average", and in young men, who  engaged in power kinds of  sports  was "high". At the same time, the level of anaerobic productivity according to the relative indicator of MQMK of young men engaged in cyclic kinds of sports corresponds to "high", of young men engaged playing kinds of sports corresponds to "above average".

Originality.  It was carried out the evaluation of metabolic processes of energy supply of muscular work of athletes’ 17-21years old of the Podilsk region, depending on sports specialization.

Conclusion. The results of our research indicate a significant advantage of the average values of absolute and relative aerobic and anaerobic performance of athletes compared with young non-athletes.


Keywords


athletes; metabolic processes; aerobic productivity; anaerobic productivity

References


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