Characteristics of the physical performance of athletes specializing in middle distance running, after training camps in conditions of mid-range altitudes

E. V. Imas, V. N. Ilyin, V. A. Pastukhova, V. V. Sosnovsky

Abstract


Introduction. A high level of achievement in modern sport necessitates continuous improvement in all aspects of training an athlete. However, further development of the traditional methods of comprehensive training athletes now becoming increasingly important development and use of alternative means and methods aimed at expanding the boundaries of functionality of an athlete, his aerobic and anaerobic performance that largely determine the level of disability.

Purpose.To determine the effectiveness of mountain training on evaluation after returning from the mountains physical performance of athletes who specialized in running middle distance.

Methods. In the survey participated 12 athletes. All sportsmens specialized in running middle distance.Physical performance was determined by veloergometry. Evaluated indicators of power, capacity and efficiency of functional (respiratory and cardiovascular) and energy (aerobic and anaerobic) systems.

Results.Conducting the mountain training gave effective impact on improving physical performance of athletes.This effect is amplified mountain training in 24-25 days after returning from the mountains.However, not all athletes adaptive effects of mountain training are equally effective. The most significant positive changes in physical capacity after the training gathering in the mountains observed in athletes whose adaptation to hypoxia was accompanied by moderate stress regulatory mechanisms of the body and vagotonic predominant type of autonomic homeostasis.

Originality.For the first time it is given a comprehensive evaluation of the effectiveness of mountain training athletes, specializing in middle-distance running.

Conclusion.The most significant positive changes in the level of physical performance after the training gathering in the mountains observed in athletes who have adapted to the conditions of middle accompanied by moderate stress regulatory mechanisms and vahotonichnyy predominant type of vegetative homeostasis.


Keywords


mountain training; hypoxia; adaptation; gas analysis; physical performance

References


Antonomov, M. Yu. (2006). Mathematical processing and analysis of medical and biological data. K., 558 (in Ukr.)

Boychuk, T. V.,Pyatnychuk, D. V.,Lapkovsky, E. Y. (2010). Estimation of the factors influencing the efficiency of the training process for runners on medium and long distances and the influence of hypoxia on the functional state of the organism. Scientific journal of the National Pedagogical University named after M.P. Drahomanov. Series 15. Theory and teaching methods: physical culture and sports. - Issue 8. - L.: NPU named after M.P.Drahomanov, 134-138 (in Ukr.)

Bulatova, M. M., &Platonov, V. N. (2008).Middle Highlands, Highlands and Artificial Hypoxia in the System of Training Sportsmen.Sports Medicine, 1,.95-119 (in Ukr.).

Ilyin, V. N., Filippov, M. M., Alvani, A. (2014) .Assessment of the functional state of the human body under extreme conditions on the basis of the theory of ultrastable systems. Ulyanovsk Medical Biological Journal. 3, 94-100 (in Russ.)

Ilyin, V. N., Filippov,M. M., Pastukhova,V. A., Portnichenko, V. I., Sosnovsky, V. V. (2017). Hypoxic training in the system of training athletes. Pathology, rehabilitationVI I., adaptation ,15, 2,. 60-72 (in Ukr.)

Isrurin, V. B. (2016). Training athletes XXI: the scientific basis for building a training. M.: Sport (in Russ.)

Ilyin, V. M., Krivoruchenko, O. V. (2007).Patent for Utility Model №21975 Ukraine.A61V 8/02.Method of determining the ability of athletes specializing in cyclic sports. Application. U 2006 11582.Issued April 10, Byul.4 (in Ukr.)

Portnichenko, V. I.,Ilyin, V. N.,Podlivaev, B. A.Development of the hypometabolic state in highly skilled athletes under conditions of hypoxia.Sports medicine, 1, 74-77 (in Ukr.).

Rovnii, A. S., Ilyin, V.,Lyzogub, Rovna, A. O. (2015). Physiology of sports activity.X., HNADU,(in Ukr.)

Svisch,Ya.,&Sibil,.M. (2007).Response of the athlete's body to sprinters for additional training of hypoxia.Sb. sciences works in the field of physical culture and sports. Young sports science. – Whip 11. – Lviv: Scientific-Production Enterprise "Ukrainian Technologies", 7, 228-230 (in Ukr.)

Sosnovsky, V. V., &Pastukhova,V. A. (2017). Adaptation of man to hypoxia.Visnyk CHNU,.1, 97-101 (in Ukr.)

Sosnovsky, V. V. (2017). Changes in the heart rhythm in conditions of intense muscular activity on the 2-3 day stay in the mountains at the altitude of 2100 m. Mat. conference "Actual scientific research in the modern world", May 26-27, 2010. GVUZ Pereyaslav-Khmelnytsky state. Pedagogical University. G. Pans» (in Ukr.)

Pyatnichuk, D.V.,&Pyatnychuk, G.O. (2008). Training in the Carpathians as an auxiliary means for preparing runners for medium and long distances in the preparatory period. Actuality of the problem of the development of physical education, sports and tourism in modern society: Monograph / ed. B.M. Mitskana, T.V. Boichuk, O.Ya. Photius - Ivano-Frankivsk: PP Kurilyuk, 180-182 (in Ukr.)

Filippov, M. M.,&Davidenko, D. N. (2010).Physiological mechanisms of development and compensation of the state of hypoxia in the process of adaptation to muscular activity: Monograph. St. Petersburg, Kiev: BPA. (in Russ.)

Shpak, T.V., &Kiriyenko,M.P. (2008). Training of high-skilled cyclists in the middle of the highlands. Sport. Medicine, 1,137-142(in Ukr.)

Ilyin, V. N,Filippov, M. M., Pastukhova, V. A.,Sosnovskiy,V.V. (2017).Ttraining of the athletes with use of hypoxic conditions. Bulletin of the CherkassyUniversity, a series of "BiologicalNews", 2, 11 – 26 (in Ukr.)

Wilmore, J. H.&Costill, D. L. (2004). Physiology of sport and exercise.Champaingn, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 726.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 2 36
2015 2 19
2016 1 2
2017 1 2
2018 1 2
2019 1 2
2020 1

User

Information

Journal Content

Browse

Language