Psychophysiological state of athletes with chronic fatigue

V. N. Ilyin, M. M. Filippov, A. S. Rovniy, A. Alwani, S. B. Koval

Abstract


Introduction.The article is devoted to an actual problem of ubiquity of chronic fatigue among qualified sportsmen in the different types of sport and improving the efficiency of monitoring the degree of chronic fatigue, aimed at identifying early signs of chronic fatigue.

Purpose. The aim of the article was estimation of psychophysiological state in elite athletes with symptoms of chronic fatigue indiff rantsports.

Methods. By using a special computer program " Diagnost 1" held physiological tests to determine latency simple and complex visual-motor reaction, functional mobility, strength and balance nerve processes.

Results.The analysis indicates a deterioration of psychophysiological functions in athletes with chronic fatigue. This manifests itself in term sof speed, accuracy and efficiency of information processing. athletes with symptoms of chronic fatigue were detected significantly long latency periods simple and complex visual-motor reactions.This indicates a deterioration in the perception of these athletes visual information,which manifests itself in the reduction of speed, productivity and efficiency of the visual analyzer. Functional motility nerve processes in these athletes wasal so significantly was reduced as compared with athletes without signs of chronic fatigue. Thus indicators of functional motility nerve processes athletes with signs of chronic fatigue ranged low level of functional mobility (90-70 in centives for 1 min).

Originality.It is shown that in athletes with symptoms of chronic fatigue was significantly increased latent periods of simple and complex visual-motor response, and decreased functional mobility, strength and balans of nerve processes.

Conclusion.Athletes who were engaged in high-speed, speed-strength, powerand playing sports, low levels of functional mobility of nervous processes were detected less frequently than athletes who develop endurance.This is due to the fact that the power,speed and speed-strength,are more related to the functional mobility of nervous processes.

The strength of nervous processes primarily associated with endurance and ability to with stand fatigue, maintain for a longtime a high performance of sportsmen.Reducing these indicators in athletes with chronic fatigue can recommened the masone of the main criteria of psychophysiological control of chronic fatigue.


Keywords


chronic fatique; cognitive function; visual-motor reaction; functional mobility; strength and balans of nerve processes

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