Typological properties of higher central nervous system аnd success at flying trainin

M. V. Makarenko, V. L. Savitsksy, V. S. Lizohub

Abstract


Introduction. The results of a comprehensive survey aimed at studying a role of peculiarities of individual psychophysiological functions that are necessary for successful training and acquiring of professional skills for work and sports activities. Тhis work is focused on a role of the properties of higher nervous activity not only at work, but also in predicting the success at professional training on piloting mobile objects and systems, including flying training.

Purpose. The aim of this work was to present results of the study due typological characteristics of higher central nervous system, which in our surveys were functional mobility of nervous processes and the strength of neural processes with different outcomes flight training of cadets of higher military institutions

Methods. Today diagnostication of individual typological properties such as functional mobility of nervous processes and strength of nervous processes (capacity of the brain) is mainly carried out by methods and hardware developed by us. On the basis of experiments, their high reliability and validity had been proven and protected by invention patents. And if in the theoretical studies these inventions are widely used, in the applied science these items are used less despite their high informative content and the possibility to be used in a system of professional selection.

Results. The obtained data, in contrast to the results of the studying of simple sensorimotor reaction, lability of the nervous system and neuro-muscular endurance, have indicated accurate correlation relation between typological properties of higher nervous system and success at flight training, as well as significant differences of mean values of these functions among groups that were estimated with different level of performance of flight training. The cadets with high and middle levels of performance indicated significant difference of functional mobility and strength of nervous processes from cadets that indicated poor performance. These differences were definitely indicated by both modes of input and process of information (“extrinsic rhythm” mode and “feedback” mode) that are widely used to define properties of main nervous processes.

Originality.We have indicated accurate correlation relation between typological properties of higher nervous system and success at flight training, as well as significant differences of mean values of these functions among groups that were estimated with different level of performance of flight training.

Conclusion.We made conclusion that important role of functional mobility and strength of nervous processes are necessary in the success of flying training and should be taken into account in a process of validation of a theory of creation of a system of selection of operators of piloting objects and systems on the basis of parameters of properties of neurodynamic functions.


Keywords


typological properties of higher central nervous system (functional mobility, strength of nervous processes); success at flying training; professional psychophysiological selection

References


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