The environmental management of Kremenchug reservoir area in the system to optimize its vegetation
Introduction. In reservoirs dramatically reduced the rate of flow and accumulation zones are formed by delta type. Under these conditions produced large areas of hydromorphic landscapes, which later become insular areas, leading to shallowing, waterlogging and loss of basic reservoirs functions`. The destruction of natural landscapes led to the loss of many habitats and consequently depletion of biotic and landscape diversity. The main objective is to prevent new losses and the restoration of transformed natural ecotypes.
Purpose. The development of environmental management plan is the most effective way to properly assess the natural, social and economic value of a particular territory, to determine management objectives, develop and implement the most optimal ways to achieve them.
Methods. Field studies were conducted during 2010-2015 in Kremenchug reservoir area with traditional methods (detailed-trip, reconnaissance, performance geobotanical descriptions, and – eco-coenotic profiling).
Results. It was established that for the heocomplexes of reservoir area primary threat is a violation of the hydrological regime, accumulation of organic matter, shoaling, construction, unauthorized mining of sand, watering coastal zones, erosion of the main currents and water pollution. To improve the status of aquatic ecosystems and eliminate existing threats we need to create a system of measures aimed at ensuring optimal conditions of transformed landscapes.
Effective conservation and restoration of existing phytodiversity need to develop a system of optimization vegetation. It should promote reproduction and protection of rare and endangered species include measures to prevent exhaustion and reproductive phytoresources, restoration and re-stabilization raised ecotypes, and increase the aesthetic, health and recreational values.
Conclusion. The priorities mentioned above to protect and optimize vegetation reservoir area will help to reduce the loss of species diversity and coenotic unduly affected river valleys. The development of the plan involves optimizing management processes and phenomena taking into account the equilibrium vegetation, its capacity of self-regulation and self-healing, will include measures to prevent exhaustion and reproductive phytoresources, restoration and restabilization raised ecotypes and increase of aesthetic, health and recreational value of the territory reservoir.
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