Floristic classification of mesophilous broad-leaved forests of Carpinion betuli Issl. 1931 em Oberd. 1953 union in the basin of lower Sula

O. Y. Smaglyuk, V. A. Solomakha


Introduction. The oak and hornbeam forests of Ukraine are thoroughly trained by the row of scientists. In the lower river basin of Sulа composition of forests with participation of hornbeam is trained fragmentary.

Purpose. Syntaxonomic analysis of the vegetation of oak-hornbeam forests in the basin of lower Sula.

Methods. The analysis is based on 60 geobotanical descriptions.

Results. All hornbeam-containing forests in this region belong to Carpinion betuli union, and within it – to subunion Aceri campestre-Carpinenion. There have been registered four associations (Asaro europaei-Carpinetum, Galeobdolono luteae-Carpinetum, Carici michelii-Carpinetum, Tulipo biebersteinianae-Carpinetum) and eight sub-associations. Geographical differentiation of vegetation is represented by associations; sub-associations represent the edaphic differentiation. Principal for oak-hornbeam forests of the region is the Asaro europaei-Carpinetum association which includes such sub-associations as xero-mesophylic (A.e.-C.b. cystopteritosum fragili subass. nova prov.), mesophylic (A.e.-C.b. typicum), nitrophylic (A.e.-C.b. sambucetosum nigrae subass. nova prov.) and hygro-mesophylic (A.e.-C.b. stachyetosum sylvaticae). The Galeobdolono luteae-Carpinetum association here reaches the south-eastern border of its range and is rarely found. The existence in nature of Asaro europaei-Carpinetum and Tulipo biebersteinianae-Carpinetum associations is confirmed. Тhe last one is referred in literature as provisory.

Conclusion. Our study has considerably widened its range. Such associations as Carici michelii-Carpinetum and Tulipo biebersteinianae-Carpinetum include rare species while occupying small areas and therefore need protection. Among Red List species growing in the forests of the considered union we can mention Tulipa quercetorum, Allium ursinum, Epipactis helleborine, Platanthera bifolia; among regionally-rareCerasus avium, Crataegus ukrainica, Corydalis cava, C. marschalliana, Dentaria bulbifera, D. quinquefolia, Scilla bifolia, S. siberica, Muscari neglectum, Vinca minor, Aeogonychon purpureo-caeruleum, Galeobdolon luteum, Campanula persicifolia, Convallaria majalis.


syntaxonomy; silva; hornbeam forests; Carpinion; Ukraine; Left-bank Forest-steppe; Sula


Hryn' F.O. (1971). Oaks and hornbeam forests. In: Vegetation USSR. Forests USSR. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 194-328.

Shelyah-Sosonko Yu.R. (1966). To the question about distribution on the east border of hornbeam usual (Carpinus betulus L.). Ukr bot zn, 23, 5, 75-81.

Shelyah-Sosonko Yu.R. (1974). Forests of structure of oak of ordinary on territory of Ukraine and their evolution. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 240.

Lyubchenko V.M. (1986). A hornbeam usual on the east border of natural habitat is. Lesovedenie, 1, 67-75.

Lyubchenko V.M. (1986). Spring efemeroids oakeries of overhead flow Succeeded. Ukr bot zn, 45, 6, 33-37.

Lyubchenko V.M. (1988). Forests with participation Carpinus betulus L. in the pools of rivers Troubig and Soupiy (Left-bank Ukraine). Ukr bot zn, 45, 3, 33-37.

Lyubchenko V.M. (1988). Distribution Carpinus betulus L. in the oakeries of pools of rivers Psla and Horolou (Left-bank Forest-steppe of Ukraine). Ukr bot zn, 45, 4, 23-27.

Bayrak O. M. (1996). Sintacsonomiya forests by wide listyam of Left-bank Pridniprov’ya. In: Ukr Fit Zb. K, A, 3, 51-63.

Homlya L.M. (2005). Vegetation of valley of river Horol. Ukr Fit Zb., A, 1, 181 p.

Vorobyov E.O., Lyobchenco V.M., Solomaha V.A., Orlov O.O. (2008). Classification of hornbeam forests of Ukraine. K: Fitosotsiotsentr, 252 p.

Onyshchenko V. A. (2009). Forests of order Fagetalia sylvaticae in Ukraine. Kyiv: Alterpress, 212 p.

Myrkyn B.M., Naumova L.H., Solomeshch A.Y. (2001). Modern science about vegetation. M: Logos, 264 p.

Mosyakin S. L., Fedoronchuk M. M. (1999). Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. Kiev, 346 p.

Sirenko I. P. (1996). Creation a Databases for Floristic and Phytocenologic Researches. Ukr. Phytosoc. Coll., Phytosociocentre, Kyiv. Ser. A., 1: 9-11.

Onyshchenko V.A. (2000). Some questions of floristichnoi classification of forests with the wide sheet of Pridniprovscogo Forest-steppe. Ukr bot zn, 57, 6, 664-668.

Onyshchenko V.A., Sidenko V.M. (2001). Classification of forest vegetation of natural boundary the Black forest (Znam’yansciy district of the Cirovograd region). Naukovyy visnyk Chernivets'koho universytetu. Biol ser, 145, 178-194.

Solomakha V. A. (2008). Sintacsonomiya vegetation of Ukraine. Third approaching. K: Fitosotsiotsentr, 296 p.

Vorobyov Ye.O. (2012). Law of homological rows as basis of natural classification of ecosystem. In: biotopes of Ukraine: scientific bases of their research that results of taking of inventory. Materials of working seminar. Kyiv-Lviv, 57-63.

Shevchyk V. L., Solomakha V. A., Voytyuk Yu. O. (1996). Sintacsonomic vegetation and list of flora of the Kaniv natural preserve. Ukr fit zb, B, 1, 120 p.

Bayrak O. M. (2005). Atlas of rare and vanishing plants of Poltava region. Poltava: Verstka, 248 p.

Red book of Ukraine. Vegetable world. (2009). K: Hlobalkonsaltynh, 900 p.

Full Text: PDF (Українська)


  • There are currently no refbacks.
2014 2 36
2015 2 19
2016 1 2
2017 1 2
2018 1 2
2019 1 2
2020 1



Journal Content