Biology and status Thrush (Turdus) in villages Podilskogo Pobuzhzhia
Introduction. Due to increase in the human activities, the share of the natural landscapes continues to decrease, while the share of the anthropogenic landscapes is increasing. Rural areas, while being a kind of an anthropogenic landscape, play a significant role in the preservation of regional biodiversity. Here begins the process of synanthropization of birds, especially of the dendrophilous species. One of these species is a Thrush.
Purpose. The purpose of this article is to show the composition, the status, and seasonal dynamics of the number of Thrush in the villages of Podilske Pobuzhzhia, as well as to show the new ways in which the thrushes adapt their nesting habits in these villages.
Results. There are 5 species of Genus Turdus, which are registered in the villages of Podilske Pobuzhzhia. Four of them are nesting (T. pilaris, T. merula, T. philomelos, T. iliacus (rare)). Only 1 species (T. viscivorus) is migratory and wintering. Phenology, seasonal dynamics of the number, locations of T. iliacus and T. viscivorus are analysed. In addition, we analyse the peculiarities of nesting for some other species. 127 nests of T. pilaris are analysed. They are located on 17 kinds of trees, bushes, and two of the nests are located on anthropogenic buildings. The number of species is 0,86 pairs per 1 km of the route we’ve taken. 23 nests of T. merula are analysed. The nests are located on 7 kinds of trees, bushes, 2 of the nests are on the stumps, and 1 is on the ground. The number of species is 0,93 pairs per 1 km. 63 nests of T. philomelos are analysed. The nests are located on 14 kinds of trees, bushes, and 6 are located on anthropogenic buildings, in piles of branches, etc. The number of species is 1,58 pairs per 1 km of the route.
Originality. It’s the first time the biology of Thrush is researched within the boundaries of the villages in the region. New adaptations of Thrush nesting and the seasonal dynamics of the number of Thrush are determined.
Conclusion. Synanthropization of T. pilaris, T. merula and T. philomelos has occurred during the 20th century. Also, marks the beginning of synanthropization of T. iliacus. The number of thrush nesting in the villages of Pobuzhzhia is gradually increasing. T. philomelos is the most widely spread due to the flexibility of choice of nesting places. Thrushes choose 34 locations for building nests (23 of them are in the trees, 3 are in the bushes, and 8 are in other locations). The highest number of Thrush nests is in the villages of the second category.
Fesenko H.V., Bokotei A.A. (2002) Birds fauna of Ukraine. Kyiv, 412 (In Ukr.)
Bokotei A.A. (1991) To biology Song Thrush in Western Ukraine // Mater. 10-y Vsesoiuznoi ornitolohicheskoi konferentsii (Materials of the 10th All-Union Ornithological Conference). Mynsk, 2 (1), 67-68 (In Ukr.)
Talposh V.S. (1996) Fieldfare in the Western regions of Ukraine // Berkut (Golden Eagle), 5 (2), 152-157. (In Russ.)
Talposh V.S. (1999) Song Thrush in the Western Ukraine // Berkut (Golden Eagle), 8 (1), 78-88. (In Russ.)
Talposh V.S. (1998) To the ecology of Blackbird in Podillia // Berkut (Golden Eagle), 7 (1-2), 64-69 (In Ukr.)
Franchuk M.V. (2013) Nesting ecology of birds of genus Turdus in the Western Polissia // Biolohiia vid molekuly do biosfery. Mater. VIII mizhnarodnoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh (Kharkiv, 3-6 hrudnia 2013 r.) (Materials of the VIII International conference of young scientists (Kharkiv, December 3-6, 2013). Kharkiv, 256-257 (In Ukr.).
Franchuk M.V., Bokotei A.A. (2014) To the breeding biology Blackbird and Redwing in western Polissia // Biolohichni studii (Studia Biologica), 8 (3-4), 169-178 (In Ukr.).
Chaplyhina A.B. (1998) Biocenotical and population adaptations of birds in the transformed landscapes Northeast Ukraine (for example, the genus Turdus)/ Abstract of dissertation Ph.D. Dnipropetrovsk, 19 (In Ukr.).
Bokotei A.A. (1991) The number of Thrushes Lviv and their role in bioindication // Problemy urboekolohii ta fitomelioratsii (The problems of urban ecology and phytomelioration). Lviv, 118 (In Ukr.)
Bokotei A.A. (1995) Overview avifauna Lviv // Berkut (Golden Eagle), 41(1-2), 3-13 (In Ukr.)
Matvieiev M.D. (2004) Avifauna Kamenetz-Podolsk and the surrounding area // Biodiversity Kamenetz-Podolsk. Lviv, 162-170 (In Ukr.)
Bokotei A.A., Horban I.M., Kostiushyn V.A., Fesenko H.V. (1994) Nesting of Fielfare in natural and urbanized landscapes of Western Ukraine // Berkut (Golden Eagle), 3 (1), 22-26 (In Ukr.)
Novak V.O., Novak L.M. (1998) Avifauna Khmelnytsky region (faunistic characteristics). Teach and methodical book. - Khmelnytskyi, 46 (In Ukr.)
Khranevych V.P. Overview bird fauna of Podillya // Essay fauna of Podillya. Vinnytsia. 1925-26, 34-90 (In Ukr.)
Novak V.A., Novak V.V. (2009) Khmelnytsky region // The results of the winter censuses of birds in Russia and neighboring regions. Winter season 2008/2009. M., 23, 36-37 (In Russ.)
Breeding Bird Atlas of Europe: Working Report 1: Non-Passeriformes. (1992) – The Netherlands, 257.
Boholepov V. (1913) Birds Kamenetz district (Podolskoi hubernii) / Preliminary communication/ // Zapysky ob-va Podolskykh estestvoispytatelei y liubitelei pryrody (Notes of the Society Podolskikh naturalists and nature lovers). 2, 135-140 (In Russ.)
Khranevych V.P. (1929) Materials for avifauna Western District Ukraine // Zapys. Kam.-Pod. nauk.-dosl. Katedry (Notes Kam.-Pod. research department). - Kam.-Pod., 5-43 (In Ukr.)
Portenko L.A. (1928) Essay fauna of Podolsk province // Biul. MOYP. Sektsyia byol. (Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Section biology), 92-204 (In Russ.)
Novak V.O. (2003) Winter avifauna western regions of Podillia // Berkut (Golden Eagle), 12 (1-2), 14-20. (In Ukr.)
Novak V.O. (1993) First nesting of Redwing in Khmelnytskyi region // Berkut (Golden Eagle), 3 (2), 88. (In Ukr.)
- There are currently no refbacks.